Comparative and Informative Characteristic of the Legal Regulation of the Blockchain and Cryptocurrency: State and Prospects
The authors analyzed the market of cryptocurrency goods, considered the essence of cryptocurrency and proposed the definition of their legal status, studied the experience of some jurisdictions regarding the possibilities and threats of the use and regulation of cryptocurrency. In the process of analyzing the experience of regulating cryptocurrency, we have found similar and distinctive features in some jurisdictions. First, each country, in view of the great potential of the blockchain technology, is trying in one way or another to create a favorable climate for its development. Secondly, the use of cryptocurrency goods is rapidly developing, and their impact on economic processes, both at the international and national levels is increasing, while states are faced with the problem of adapting their tax legislation to the current challenges of the digital economy, since the definition of the status of cryptocurrency does not directly lead to lack of funds to the state budget from operations with these assets. Thirdly, today there are more than 2,000 cryptocurrency is traded through various trading platforms - stock exchanges and can be used to launder proceeds from crime. Thus, it is necessary to develop common standards for the regulation of cryptocurrency and the requirements for such crypto exchange counterparts, through the licensing of operations with cryptocurrencies. At the same time, the important question is what government bodies should exercise such control.