Parasakthi - A Tamil Guerrilla Cinema: The ‘Third Cinema’ Theory and the Dialogues of M. Karunanidhi


  • Subramanian N


Film is an ideological product of its maker. The Storytelling (plot, dialogue and character) with the language of film is a collaborative form. According to the intellectual usage, the film movements around the world shaped various form of the film. In Tamil Nadu, the Self-Respect Movement is believed to be used in the film for social change and insisted the Tamil film industry to make film for social reform during 1940s. After World Wars - II, film language became intellectual and the most influential ideological apparatus. Though, there was no consensus on cinema among political leaders in Tamil Nadu, it cherished among the public.
C. Rajagopalachari’s view of the cinema as a source of moral corruption Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr (1973). ‘They decried the cinema, we used’- Kannadhasan (1970).
Parasakthi (1952) is a social reform film with the screen play and powerful dialogues written by writer and political leader M. Karunanidhi (Kalaignar-Artist), who was Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, for over five terms, nearly two decades from 1969 to 2011. This paper examines the aspects of ‘Third Cinema’ theory and the approaches of ‘Guerrilla Cinema’ in the dialogue.