Manuscript Title: Impact of Omanization Policy on Oman’s Private Labour Market
The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of Omanization policy on Oman’s Private Sector Labour Market. Omanization refers to the policy of replacing the foreigners by Local labours. The study depends on secondary data which is mainly collected from earlier research and governmental reports such as National Center for Statistics and Information and Ministry of Higher education. The study finds that Omanization rate in the private sector remained low. In 2007, Omanization rate was 17% and then decreased to 13% by the end of 2018. The study finds that the achievements of Omanisation policy can be identified only in Oman’s public sector. Sultanate of Oman government achieved the best employment rate of nationals in the public sector (85.5%) in 2007 compared to the GCC average rate of national employment. In the Private sector, it is clearly shows that there is achievements. Furthermore, the study finds that Omanization policy challenges prevailed in a number of areas which are: training and development, salaries, retirement plans, security, worker’s compensation, educational assistance, holidays, sick leave, and working hours. Also, there is a gap between the strategic planning of Ominazation project and the implementation process. The study concludes by providing some recommendations for Oman’s government to review the labour law articles related to the minimum salaries, retirement plans, social security, holidays, and working hours. Also, the government should provide Omanization plan for companies which shows the growth rate of localization especially in the jobs related to the higher education institutions outcomes.