A Study on the Effect of Regional Innovation System on Regional Competitiveness of Local Government: Focused on the Technological and Economic Effects
Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine how the regional innovation system centered on R&D strengthens the science and technology capacity of the region and how it contributes to the economic effects of regional development.
Methods/Statistical analysis: For this, this study tried to measure the efficiency by using DEA model. The input utilized the foundation of innovation. The knowledge base used the technology development-related activities and the organization that creates, spreads, and utilizes the knowledge, and the indirect base utilized the costs invested for the purpose of creating, spreading, and utilizing knowledge. The calculation used papers and patents as variables of scientific and technological performance, and GRDP, company life, and financial independence as economic performance variables.
Findings: When regional MPI was compared by period, the productivity growth tended to decrease. Overall, the impact of TECI was found to have affected MPI reduction, and between 2017 and 2018, the TCI fell significantly and MPI decreased. When looking at each region, Jeju Island had the highest productivity due to technological innovation, while Sejong showed the lowest productivity index. Because this is a time when Sejong is a new city and infrastructure investment is expanding. In addition, the effect on each efficiency was analyzed. As a result, the number of study organizations had a negative effect on the efficiency, but the other variables had no significant effect.
Improvements/Applications: This study is meaningful in that it has an empirical approach to the contribution of regional achievements from an innovation perspective and provides implications for measuring the efficiency of future R&D inputs.