Effects of Battery Manufacturing for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: A Comparative Study


  • Ninad Girish Aghanashini
  • Gopal Krishna Barkur


Hybrid and electric vehicles have gained momentum in the automobile sector as these vehicles help in moving towards a cleaner and greener future when compared to their fossil fuel counterparts. They also need to adhere to the upcoming norms such as BSVI in India and EURO based compliance in the other countries. This paper highlights the various types of hybrid vehicles (HV) and electric vehicles (EV) present in the Indian market as well as in the rest of the world (parallel hybrids, series hybrids, plug-in hybrids, two mode hybrids). The study looks at the components of a standard HV and discusses the impact of the HV’s and EV’s to the environment and the market. The primary focus is the comparison between the amount of greenhouse gases that are produced by the manufacturing of electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles and its batteries with that of a conventional internal combustion vehicle. For this, a basic understanding the nature of electric vehicles and its necessity in the global market as well as the Indian market has been presented, finally concluding with a discussion on whether the shift to electric vehicles results in decrease of the total production of the carbon emissions in the environment.