Fostering Workplace Spirituality: A New Development Model
In this ever-changing world business is becoming more complex. Managing the human resource, the vital force in business, is becoming all the more complex. Technological advancements in various fields on one side have presented to the mankind the never before experienced luxury and comfort. However, on the other hand, it has increased the love for material affluence. It is eradicating the spiritual values and make people dispirited. This is reflected in the business scenario across the globe by the way of decline in job satisfaction; increased employee stress and burn out; unethical corporate behaviour; workplace violence and inability to maintain work life balance. There is now an extended pressure on organizations to handle these kinds of issues related to human resource management and development. There are lots of tools for human resource development. However, the ultimate solution may be workplace spirituality.
Spirituality can be defined as an unbounded set of personal drives, behaviours, experiences, values and attitudes which are related to existential understanding, meaning, purpose and transcendence (King, 2008). Workplace spirituality is defined as a workplace that recognizes that employees have an inner life that nourishes and is nourished by meaningful work that takes place in the context of community (Ashmos and Duchon, 2005). When organisations foster workplace spirituality it will provide employees with a sense of purpose and meaning at work; it will also provide employees with the essence of interconnectedness with the community. Moreover, it will enhance the employee’s overall well-being and quality of life.
This conceptual paper aims to present the need for workplace spirituality and proposes a theoretical model on how to develop workplace spirituality.