Harnessing Anisotropy in Nanoparticles: Current Strategies and Applications
Nanotechnology has turned out to be a standout amongst the most encouraging advances connected in all zones of science. Anisotropic nanoparticles are a class of particles that are asymmetric in shape and have at least one dimension at nanoscale. These type of nanoparticles exhibit direction and dimension dependent chemical and physical properties. These may be composed of one or more components. Anisotropy brings features that cannot be obtained simply by tuning the size of isotropic nanoparticles. Such type of great changes in the properties of anisotropic nanoparticles makes them a good candidate for introducing a vast area of applications. This review presents a glimpse into this interesting area. We discuss the background, size, shape, synthesis methods, compositions, characterization techniques and applications of anisotropic nanoparticles.