Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is a vehicle mainly consist of a diesel engine with a motor and a battery. Usually, it operates on battery but as we know the range of the battery is limited that’s why we need a diesel engine with a motor to extend the range of the vehicle. The demand of vehicle is increasing day by day with the increase in population and also we have limited resources (i.e diesel, petrol, etc.) with us so, there is a great need to shift from gas-powered automobile to electric vehicle. This paper gives the brief idea about the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, it’s characteristics and the problem of an overload of the grid due to the presence of a large number of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and its solution is also discussed. Controlled and uncontrolled charging and what are the benefits of control charging in PHEV is also discussed in this paper.