Improving Children’s Social Competence (CSC) through Learning Strategy in Class Management: A Literature Review


  • Jahaberdeen Bin YM Mohamed Yunoos; Hari Krishnan Andi; Amiya Bhaumik


Understanding Muslims’ Resilience to The Religiously based terrorism has become an important concern for the world. Many researchers have been conducting researcher in this domain to understand the sentiment comprehensively. People across the world has different opinion in this regard. Moreover, number of terrorist activities have been increasing since last 2 decades. Hence it becomes an important domain to understand and validate the important factors that are likely to influence Muslims resilience toward this phenomenon. Due to this emergence, the primary aim of this study is to validate crucial factors that likely affect the Muslim resilience. Ten crucial factors had identified based on extensive literature review. A questionnaire was developed by adapting multiple items from different prior studies. Five-point Likert scale was applied to measure all these variables. By applying purposive sampling, this study managed to get 815 respondents from different sates in Malaysia. Exploratory factor analysis was used to validate all these ten variables. Reliability results indicated excellent level of internal consistence in the scale. Moreover, exploratory factor analysis results confirmed that all these dimensions, included in this study, are well fitted for each variable with high factor loading value. Therefore, these items can universally use to understand the Muslims resilience toward the religiously based terrorism. This study is one of the limited studies that validate all these important factors which likely to influence the Muslims resilience toward the religious based terrorism. In fact, this one of the pioneer studies that conduct in Malaysia. Results of this study will definitely be helpful for the researchers around the world who are investigating the Muslims resilience to the religiously based terrorism.