Measuring Employees Strike Propensity Among Labour Union Members: Development And Validation Of A Scale
Our country encounters abundant economic loss due to strikes. An estimate by the Labour Bureau (2017) reveals that India has lost 11.73 lakh of working days tostrikes, this has cost the country around Rs 550 crores. Strike propensity is a strong antecedent of strike (Barling et al. 1992). Strike propensity is a covert behavior that predicts strike action. Strike can create standstill circumstances and it is one of the most powerful tools used by labour unions for negotiation. Labour strike is the stoppage of work caused by the mass employees who refuse to work until their grievances are resolved. A strike’s motive is to pressurize the authorities, management and government into bargaining for a change in their policies to meet the demands of the employees. A thorough understanding of the employee strike propensity would help the management to address their grievances and facilitate the smooth functioning of organizations. An understanding the strike propensity depends on the availability of an apt assessment tool. Reviews suggest a deficit in the appropriateness of available tools to assess the psychological aspects of strike propensity among the Indian labour union members which has prompted to develop a new tool. Hence, this research is to describe the process involved in developing a reliable and valid scale to assess Strike Propensity among Labour Union Members. The steps involved in the tool development are defining the construct, item generation, assessing content adequacy and establishing the reliability and validity of the scale.